Although alcohol remains the primary party drug, there are several other drugs that are used to intensify social experiences. Club drugs often are favored over other recreational drugs, such as marijuana or LSD, because of their ability to enhance social interaction by producing distinctive emotional and social effects, such as sense of physical closeness, empathy, and euphoria.
Ecstasy, a hallucinogen, is usually sold as small tablets of various colors imprinted with popular icons or words.
Side Effects: Tightening of the jaw muscles, teeth clenching and grinding, rapid heart rate, excessive pupil dilation, excessive sweating, tremor, elevated blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, muscle rigidity, shuffling gait, esophoria (tendency for eyes to turn inward), and difficulty urinating.
Withdrawal Symptoms: Compared with alcohol withdrawal, people who withdraw from MDMA are often more depressed, irritable, and unsociable.
Street names for GHB include G, liquid ecstasy, Grievous Bodily Harm, gib, soap, scoop, and nitro.
Side Effects: Euphoria, dizziness, excessive salivation, abnormally low heart rate, hypothermia, and amnesia, overdose can lead to seizures, coma, and death.
Withdrawal Symptoms: Anxiety, insomnia, tremor, and in severe cases, psychoses that do not respond well to treatment.
Abuse and Dependency: Chronic use may result in dependency.
Ketamine street names include K, special K, super K, vitamin K, kit-kat, keets, super acid, jet, and cat valium.
Side Effects: Cause bizarre thoughts and hallucinations, confusion, memory loss, delirium, and experience rapid heartbeat, heart palpitations, elevated blood pressure, and slow or "stop and start" breathing. "Flashbacks" or visual disturbances can appear days or weeks after ingestion.
Abuse and Dependency: Some chronic users become addicted and exhibit severe withdrawal symptoms that require medically supervised detoxification.
Rohypnol, is a potent, quick acting sedative. Street names include Mexican Valium, circles, roofies, la rocha, roche, rophies, R2, rope, and forget-me pill.
Side Effects: Higher doses produce anterograde amnesia (a form of memory loss where new events are not transferred to long-term memory), lack of muscle control, and loss of consciousness, reduced blood pressure, dizziness, confusion, visual disturbances, urinary retention, or aggressive behavior.
When mixed with alcohol or other sedating drugs, Rohypnol can incapacitate victims, prevent them from resisting sexual assault, and be lethal.
Abuse and Dependency: Chronic use can produce dependence. Withdrawal symptoms include headache, tension, anxiety, restlessness, muscle pain, sensitivity to light, numbness and tingling of the extremities, and seizures.
Sometimes these drugs are misused as predatory drugs to facilitate sexual assault. Alcohol remains the most common drug associated with sexual assault and acquaintance sexual assault, or "date rape." However, Rohypnol, GHB, and Ketamine are also drugs used in sexual assaults. Some key concerns:
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