4 ways to be an active bystander
Being an active bystander can come in many forms. Differences in our personalities and experiences can lead us to feel comfortable in some bystander roles moreso than others. Here for four examples of how you can be an active bystander.
The Diplomat: The one who interrupts the action as it's happening. For example, you might approach a friend who is drinking too heavily at a party and say, "Hey, let's go grab some water and take a breather from the beer pong table."
The Crisis Manager: Good on their feet and can stay calm, cool and collected in an emergency situation. This kind of active bystander feels comfortable taking charge if things go wrong.
The Planner: The one who thinks ahead and makes sure everything is in order BEFORE the party happens. This may include purchasing the EANABS, posting the 5-SURE number on doors, and going over the party plans with the other hosts.
The Trend Setter: The leaders of the group. These active bystanders may not intervene in the traditional sense, but recognize that others look up to them and they set the tone for the party. They may choose to lead by example and employ risk reducing strategies when drinking.
You might be comfortable in all of these roles, or you may even have another way to be an active bystander. Tell us your favorite way to be a positive bystander at email@example.com.
Situations you may face
Situation 1: “I’m going to get hammered (or smashed, trashed, wasted, etc.) tonight."
- Check in with them before they start drinking to ask how they are doing. “How’s your week been?” You might discover that they are really stressed or may want to chill for the night instead of getting wasted. Going out for dinner or catching a movie might be a much better solution than getting wasted.
- Encourage your friend to eat dinner (have some protein) and go into the evening with a full stomach.
- Don’t let them drive to the party or be in a situation where they might need to drive.
- Look out for them during the night. If you see him or her going into a situation that may be a danger to them, check in with them and redirect them elsewhere.
- Tell them to savor their drink and help them avoid drinking games and taking repeated shots of hard liquor.
- Encourage your friend to drink water in between every alcoholic drink.
- Go to the party in a group and leave in a group.
Situation 2: “I’ve gotta down all of this before I can get back into the game/party”
- Ask them to take a break with you and go outside for some good, oxygen-saturated air.
- Take them out to the dance floor (without the drink in hand).
- Take them aside and ask them not to embarrass themselves or you.
- Encourage them to leave and grab something to eat with you.
- Tell them that you will get his or her next drink for them—and make it weak.
- Tell them straight up:
- “I’m not cleaning up your puke tonight.”
- “I don’t want to have to leave early because you're too drunk”
Situation 3: “I’m soooooo drunk [dry-heave vomit]”
What if a drunken person vomits and/or passes out?
- Get them away from the alcohol and the situation.
- Eat something slowly if they are up to it.
- Sip water; don't gulp it.
- If they need to vomit, let them (preferably in the bathroom toilet). Don’t make them vomit. If he or she needs to vomit, their body will do it naturally.
- Stay with them and keep an eye on them (watch a movie or TV with him or her next to you).
- If they fall asleep, check on them frequently and make sure they are breathing regularly and can be stirred.
- Place the person on his or her side, with knees bent to keep them from turning over, so that if he or she vomits, it is less likely that he or she will stop breathing from choking on vomit.
- Always stay with the person and watch them so if symptoms get worse you can get them more intensive help immediately.
- If they can’t be stirred, are breathing slowly or show other signs of alcohol poisoning (see next section), call 911 (9-911 from a campus phone).
You notice someone at a party is passed out and cannot be roused. This is a sign of alcohol poisoning that requires immediate medical attention. There are other signs of life-threatening alcohol poisoning that you should be aware of:
What are the signs of life-threatening alcohol poisoning?
- Passing out and can’t be roused
- Vomiting more than once
- Fewer than eight breaths per minute or breaths spaced by 10 or more seconds
- Blue lips
- Cold and clammy extremities
Call 911 immediately (9-911 from a campus phone).
Situation 5: Your friend seems to be drinking more often than usual and insists, "I don’t have a problem”
- 4Cs -- Cravings, (loss of) Control, Compulsive behaviors, and Consequences
- Cravings: Does the person express their desire for alcohol or drugs frequently, or exhibit physiological signs of withdrawal when they do not have the substance?
- Control: Does the person appear to have lost control of how much or when they use substances? Do they use more of the substance than they intended or said they would use? Do they appear to be using substances at odd or atypical times (e.g. saturday morning hike with friends, at an alcohol free events, in class, etc.)
- Compulsions: Does the person compulsively seek alcohol or drugs and appear anxious when they do not have access to them? Does the person appear to rely on alcohol or other drugs to cope with stress or negative emotions?
- Consequences: Does the person miss class or work due to the use of alcohol or other drugs? Has the person been in dangerous situations due to their drinking and do they recognize the ways in which alcohol is impacting their life?
- Help them connect with resources on campus (go with them to check them out).
- Remember that Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) and the clergy at Memorial Church are completely confidential services.
- Remember, you can always consult an RA, RF or RD before approaching your friend if you are not sure how to start the conversation.
How do I start the conversation?
1. Open the conversation with something neutral.
- What do you think about what happened last night?
- How do you feel about your drinking?
- Some event/party last night, huh?
2. Express your concern.
- Use “I” statements when talking to your friend:
- I’m concerned about you.
- I care about you.
- I’m a little (a lot) concerned about your drinking.
- Ask them what they think about their drinking.
- Offer support and listen.
- Assure them that you care: “If you ever want to talk about anything, let me know."
3. Help Them Connect with Resources
Getting your friend to start thinking about problem drinking is a powerful step. Keep in mind that Stanford has a wealth of resources to help.
- RA/CA: Whether for a sustained pattern of abuse or a specific incident, your staff are a great resource. At Stanford, their primary role regarding alcohol is to provide support and education. Their first response will likely be to help your friend discuss their particular situation and offer educational resources. They can also help you prepare to approach your friend. These staff are also trained to recognize signs of immediate distress. If you are concerned that your friend presents a short-term danger of harm to self or others, your staff can consult with professionals who have greater expertise.
- RF: Your resident fellow is there to support you and your RA in working with your friend. They coordinate efforts when multiple people are involved.
- RD: The residence dean has specialized training, information and a variety of approaches to help your friend regain control. Although you or you friend can go directly to the RD for assistance, RD's are usually consulted by your residence staff.
- The Bridge: Trained peer counselors at the Bridge can begin a peer-to-peer conversation about a drinking issue.
- Contact Us: Alcohol and Drug Educators in the Office of Alcohol Policy and Education offer health advising and consultation for students who want information or feedback on their drinking behavior. Educational seminars and student group consultation are also available.
- CAPS: Vaden Health Center’s Counseling and Psychological Services offer a great and confidential place to talk through questions and concerns about drinking. If you feel comfortable, you can suggest to your friend that he/she consider counseling options.
For an expanded list of resources available at the university, see Resources.